Tuesday, February 3, 2015

7 Facts You Should Know About Diamonds

April's birthstone is one of the most glamorous gemstone and is the ultimate expression of beauty and perfection. Diamond is a fascinating piece of jewellery, for obvious reasons such as beauty and remarkable value. In celebration of the dazzling gemstone, here are seven amazing facts about diamonds.

The word diamond originates from the Greek word "Adamas" which depicts indestructible, perfect and unchangeable nature of this gemstone. All these connotations have helped this gem gain a reputation of being the hardest substance on earth, though of late this is becoming disputable fact.

Diamonds are made of a single element i.e. carbon. Carbonised high pressure conditions at nearly 1300 degrees causes carbon atoms to condense and bond to produce a hard constituent which forms the base of a raw and unpolished diamond. This process can only take place in lithosphere dense conditions. Under the immense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a distinctive way which makes a beautiful and rare crystalline diamond structure.


Diamonds are valued according to the four C's – cut, carat weight, clarity, and color.
  • Cut is the visible form of the diamond; it also refers to the symmetry, proportion and final finish.
  • Carats define the actual weight of a stone.
  • Clarity is determined by the stone's blemishes and inclusions whereas inclusions occur within the stone and blemishes are on the stone's surface. 
  • Color ranges from D (colorless) to Z (heavily colored, usually yellow).
The purest form of diamonds is colourless. The rarer the color, the more valuable it will be. Fancy colored diamonds in blue, yellow, pink, and other colors continue to rise in popularity. The 45.52 carat Hope Diamond seems blue because of boron in its crystal structure. The four main criteria to determine a fancy colored diamond's value are hue, color purity, color saturation, and availability. To learn about vivo diamonds, one can head to relevant informational sources.

Diamonds were first discovered in India. Some sources and studies claim that diamonds were first mined around 3000 years ago, on the Indian continent. The world’s love of diamonds had its start in India, where these gems were gathered from the country’s rivers and streams. The Koh-I-Noor was found in India and once thought of as the largest diamond in the world. Now, it is the part of the British Crown Jewels in the Tower of London. To produce a single one-carat diamond, 250 tons of earth needs to be mined.

In terms of quantity, Russia is considered as the biggest producers of diamonds, while Botswana comes in first, in terms of its high quality of diamonds. The top three diamonds mines in the world are: Botswana (24 million carats), Russia (17.8 million carats) and Canada (10.9 million carats).

Diamonds were thought to have healing properties able to cure diseases ranging from fatigue to mental illness during middle age. Diamonds worn in ancient times were believed to promote courage, strength, and invincibility.